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398

HABITS OF THE JAGUAR

CHAP.

The largest of American Cats is the Jaguar, F. onca. This is
an arboreal creature with a long, heavy body and short limbs.
Its pelage is much like that of the Leopard, but the spots are
larger and more definitely arranged in groups. There are a

number of distinct rows of spots.     The length of the body alone
is not  greater   than   4   feet.     They  prey  very   largely   on  the

FIG. 197.óJaguar.    Fdis onca.    x^gv
Capybara, and upon turtles, which they surprise upon the sand
when about to lay their eggs; the reptiles are turned upon their
backs, so as to be incapable of escaping, and the Jaguar then
easily devours them. The Jaguar will even pursue the turtle
into the water, and will devour its eggs and the newly-hatched
young.
The Ocelot is another spotted American Cat. Jtl.gpardalis1
ranges from Arkansas in ISTortn America southwards, its range
corresponding with that of the Jaguar. Although small for
one of the " larger cats/' the Ocelot inspired with considerable
respect Captain Dampier, who remarked of it: w The Tigre-cat
is about the bigness of a bull-dog, with short truss, body shaped
much like a mastiff but in all things else, its head, the colour
of its hair, the manner of its preying, much resembling the
1 3?or an account of this and of other mammals wMeh occur in Central America,
Alston in Messrs. Godman and Salvin's Biologic Centra U- Americana,! 1879-
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